“What is theatre, in the end? It is a small group of actors and their director, with whom the actors share their artistic ideas…”
At the end of 1963, Anatoly Efros was nominated for the position of chief director of the Moscow Theatre of the Lenin's Komsomol. For three years and change, he was busy solely with the construction of the his own theatre, not filming, not directing shows in other theatres.
“…There’s probably nothing more beautiful that building a new artistic collective. How good it is to live with company in art! To collect a group of people!..”
In 1964, he directed: “Wedding Day,” by V. S. Rozov, and “104 Pages About Love,” by E. S. Radzinskiy.
In 1965: “My Poor Marat,” by A. N. Arbuzov; “Shooting a Film,” by E. S. Radzinskiy; and “Everyone Gets What He Deserves,” by S. Alyoshin.
In 1966: “The Seagull,” by Anton Chekhov; “The Legal Journal,” by Y. Volchek,; and“Molière (The Cabal of Hypocrites),” by M. A. Bulgakov.
“…You’ve got to get used to not sitting in rehearsal. I’m almost always on my feet, and so are the actors. Strangely enough, it’s natural to be on your feet. An actor should understand everything with his own body. You have to force yourself to work with the étude method. But there is often resistance. But if you take apart and then don’t immediately do an étude, it’s the same thing as learning a word in a foreign language and not using it. If one day you forget to do an étude, you lose consistency. But at the same time, a scene anchored in études will be anchored until the premiere. In the étude method, the action is the trunk, and the words are the leaves…”
In March 1967, Anatoly Efros was released from the position of chief director of the Moscow Theatre of the Lenin's Komsomol “for not providing the correct direction in the formation of the theatre’s repertoire,” the support of his colleagues notwithstanding – O. N. Efremov, G. A. Tovstonogov, Y. A. Zavadskiy, and other representatives of the theatre community.
Along with him, several actors quit the theatre: V. Gaft, A. Dmitriev, M. Derzhavin, L. Durov, I. Kirichenko, L. Krugliy, V. Smirnitskiy, G. Saifulin, A. Shirvindt, O. Yakovleva.
“…I don’t think that it’s very easy (far be it from me to be able myself), but I know, that our profession should begin from happiness. Happiness doesn’t just come from jokes or from goodness in the work. However, it can come from those as well.
But also from the fact that people can naturally focus on the essence of things. It’s a simple, but great thing – the ability to concentrate on work…"