Born on 17 December, 1928 in Kiev.
Studied in the musical secondary school of the Kiev Conservatory, taking violin classes from Professor David Solomovich Bertier.
Leonid Bronevoy’s mother was an accountant, and his father, a law school graduate, had applied to work in the economic division of the Ukrainian NKVD. In 1937, his father was arrested as an “enemy of the people,” and his mother was exiled with her young son to Malmyzh, in Kirov oblast. Leonid had to put his music lessons behind him.
In May 1941, the Bronevoys were permitted to return to Kiev, but within a month, the war began and they were evacuated to Chimkent, in Southern Kazakhstan oblast. In 1944, Leonid graduated from secondary school as a distance student, as he was simultaneously working: laboring as a baker’s apprentice, a machinist’s secretary, and in the sewing department of a puppet theatre.
After graduating from school, he decided to continue his education, but his choices were limited – being branded as the son of an "enemy of the people” was a serious limitation. On his mother’s advice, he applied to the Tashkent Institute of Theatrical Art, named after A.N. Ostrovskiy. Only there were there no inquiries required.
During his studies, he worked as a radio announcer, running programs in Uzbek. In 1950, after graduating from institute and going through work assignments, Leonid Bronevoy ended up in Chelyabinsk oblast, in the Magnitogorsk Drama Theatre named after A.S. Pushkin.