Lyudmila Gurchenko was born on 12 November, 1935 in Kharkov, into the family of Mark Gavrilovich and Elena Aleksandrovna Gurchenko. Her parents worked in the local symphony. Her father played the bayan and sang, worked together with his wife on organizing celebrations and musical performances, and conducted matinees in schools, as well as evening and holiday performances in mills and factories.
When the war began and her father left for the front, the future singer remained with her mother in Kharkov. In 1944, she began to study in the Beethoven Music School, which she finished after the end of the war. In 1953, Lyudmila set off for Moscow and applied to the acting faculty of VGIK, for the course directed by Sergey Apollinarievich Gerasimov and Tamara Fedorovna Makarova.
In 1956, while a student, Gurchenko made her film debut, acting in “The Road of Truth.” Her next film was “Carnival Night,” which also came out in 1956 and brought the actress both success and audience adoration. After graduating from VGIK, the actress worked in the Theatre of Film Actors. Among her theatrical works were roles in the plays “Black and Red, “Kiss Me, Kate!”, and “Little Fool.”
In 1963, Gurchenko became an actress of the Sovremennik Theatre, where she worked for three seasons. She acted in several plays directed by Oleg Efremov: among them, “Without a Cross,” “On the Wedding Day,” “Older Sister,” “Cyrano de Bergerac,” “Always on Sale,” “The Naked King,” and “Alive Forever.”